Watching young children solve mathematical problems certainly looks different than it did just 10 years ago. The use of "tools" whether a ruler or a paper clip is common place in every classroom in my building. As a long time math instructional facilitator, I have had the opportunity to watch students develop mathematical thinking that takes them beyond the numbers and to a level of thinking that challenges the best math student. It is a joy to have students come to my office to "share their strategies". I am often amazed not only at how the problem is solved, but also how it is explained. Taking students beyond the numbers requires dedication, planning and a deep level of mathematical understanding on the part of the teacher. Teachers must be diligent in NO more drill and kill, listening to strategies, asking questions that will scaffold learning, nurturing notation and encouraging risk taking during problem solving.